To provide clarity and consistency, the inherent requirement statements have been grouped under eight (8) domains.
1.Ethical behaviour - Acting in ways consistent with what society and individuals typically think are good values and avoiding activities that do harm to people or the environment.
In the context of Inherent Requirements, this could mean adherence to the Behavioural Standards and Student Rules set down by MEL and the Code of Conduct for nurses, as set by the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA).
2. Behavioural stability - The maintenance of a level of conduct that is deemed acceptable and appropriate, according to societal or situational mores, over a given period of time and within small or large groups of persons.
This requirement is most pertinent to students with mental health issues, neurological impairments and students on the Autism Spectrum and refers to circumstances where the student can demonstrate consistent, predictable and appropriate conduct.
3. Legal - Pertaining to law. For the purposes of the Inherent Requirements, this refers to the legal requirements set out by professional bodies associated with the Diploma of Nursing.
4. Communication (Language)
Verbal communication - The act of conveying messages, ideas or feelings through the use of speech. For the purposes of the Inherent Requirements, speech producing / voice output communication devices are also considered verbal communication.
Non-verbal communication - Elements of speech and communication behaviour aside from words that transmit meaning including: pitch, speed, tone and volume of voice; gestures and facial expressions; body posture, stance, and proximity to the listener; eye movements and eye contact. Non-verbal cues can provide significant additional information to a listener/ conversational partner.
Written communication - Communication by means of written symbols -this includes typed, printed or handwritten material in addition to the use of electronic devices such as tablets.
The mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through one’s thought, experience, and senses.
Knowledge and cognitive skills - Any of a number of acquired skills that reflect an individual's ability to think. Cognitive skills include: verbal and spatial abilities; concentration; memory; perception; reasoning; planning and organisation; flexible thinking and problem solving.
Literacy (Reading and comprehension) - For the purpose of the inherent requirements, is defined as the ability to acquire information, understand that information and apply in a scholarly manner. This includes collecting information from multiple sources, comprehending that information and reporting the findings to demonstrate understanding.
Numeracy - The ability to understand and work with numbers. Basic numeracy skills consist of comprehending fundamental mathematics like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
6. Sensory ability
The mode by which one’s body perceives external stimuli - through sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch. In the context of the Inherent Requirements, the key sensory modalities are vision, hearing and tactile abilities.
Visual - The extent to which a person can see; accuracy of vision.
Auditory - The sense of hearing; the ability / inability to hear.
Tactile - The sense of touch.
7. Strength and mobility
Gross motor skills - The use of large muscle groups that coordinate body movements for activities such as walking, lifting, pushing, pulling and maintaining balance.
Fine motor skills - The ability to undertake precise coordinated movements of the hands for activities such as writing and manipulating small objects, such as using syringes or connecting intravenous therapy equipment. Dexterity is the skill in performing physical tasks, especially with the hands.
8. Sustainable performance - The ability to maintain a level of function over a pre-determined period of time. This could include physical performance – such as standing for a period of time or cognitive (mental) performance – such as concentrating for a particular length of time.